Plants As Partners

I’ve been busy doing a blogpost for Nigel’s Growplan blog, based on a great poster he’s put together to display at Wanaka A&P Show, Fri/Sat 13-14 March 2020, Site W7. I’ve taken his work and chatted to him about the underlying concepts, written an introduction and added text to tie it all together … and then thought I’d share it on my blog too ’cause I didn’t have time to do a post yesterday!

Conventional stormwater capacity is under pressure from intensive residential, commercial and industrial development. Most surfaces that aren’t built on are paved producing large volumes of runoff in downpours.

Extreme weather events overwhelm over-burdened systems culminating in catastrophic flooding. Councils and developers in New Zealand by-and-large still take the traditional engineered approach to stormwater design, having little or no knowledge of SuDS – Sustainable urban Drainage Systems.

As a landscape architect Nigel has training and hands-on experience in natural stormwater design. He’s keen to discuss the SuDS approach to stormwater management at Wanaka A&P Show, Fri/Sat 13-14 March 2020, Site W7.

Environmental Technology

When we make the effort to understand natural systems and how water’s continually exchanged between soil, plants and atmosphere, we can use this knowledge to integrate natural processes into stormwater design. Then we can REDUCE runoff instead of investing huge amounts of $$$ into expensive tanks, pipes and culverts that require ongoing maintenance and have a limited life.

Other important advantages of partnering with plants:

  • the system can largely be understood by looking at it
  • easily maintained (nothing hidden away underground)
  • beautiful landscape
  • beneficial to wildlife
  • climate-change resistant
  • opportunity for healthy outdoor living and learning about nature
  • approx 15% less expensive to establish and maintain than a piped system

The images, diagrams and information below are taken from a single large poster that Nigel will display at the Wanaka A&P Show.

All material © Nigel Cowburn

Click on ANY image below to enlarge.

This planted stormwater basin is designed to detain stormwater and settle out sediments. Water soaks into the ground, evaporates into air and some flows on to the next basin, sometimes known as treatment train or treatment chain.


In this diagram planting utilizes various plant forms to remove excess water from the stormwater system by shifting it to the atmosphere.


— a selection of plant forms suited to stormwater systems


Hard SuDS (mechanical) and soft SuDS (planted) are both employed in designing stormwater solutions:

Mechanical e.g. chain, bricks and stones, weir, porous lime chip. They detain the flow and promote evaporation.

Planted e.g. (i) tree against a wall, it’s canopy assisting water evaporation and roots assisting drainage (ii) gravel-grass in a carpark: gravel helps avoid soil compaction (maximising the soil’s water-holding capacity) and grass helps maintain separation of stones while roots act as vertical drainage channels (iii) swales


Here’s a case study of a real industrial site with no ability to drain stormwater off-site, it’s an old shallow quarry. The existing development is a C19th factory complex and encroaching urban development means drainage from the site is essentially zero.


SuDS : Processes and Outcomes


Wanaka A&P Show, Fri/Sat 13-14 March 2020

Site W7

intro text by Liz ; poster materials © Nigel Cowburn ; Growplan 2020

7 thoughts on “Plants As Partners

Add yours

  1. Yes, you’d think it was a reasonably easy concept to understand—water doesn’t soak through concrete. Hard for developers though, the poor dears. Mind you, there’s an awful lot of storm water runs off farmland too because they’ve ripped up all the trees and hedges to create massive tractor-friendly fields that also happen to be ecological deserts.

    Liked by 1 person

  2. The stormwater basin looks like a great idea and is something we should be using in this country. We need to do a lot more planning for floods here because they seem to be getting frequent in some areas of the UK.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Knowledge of SuDS is more widespread in the UK than here and my perception is that your Councils are required to at least consider this kind of approach. Research here in NZ is mostly in Auckland with little or no knowledge down in the far south where we are. Nigel’s trying to raise awareness. Some engineering students are now learning about SuDS.

      Liked by 1 person

      1. When you see how much damage can be done to homes by flooding, you realise how important these systems are. It’s great that Nigel is raising awareness of them. Here we are lucky, because the town is surrounded by very effective water meadows. When we have heavy rain over a long period, the meadows flood to the extent that we seem to have mini lakes around us and it looks amazing for a while. The houses are a bit higher up, so there’s no danger of flooding. I believe that in other areas there has been building on these natural flood plains and there they do have a lot of problems.

        Liked by 1 person

    1. Councils often just want to pave over most surfaces and install pipes, drains and culverts. They also exert pressure on businesses and developers to follow suit. No understanding of how to design in partnership with nature. Awful!

      Liked by 1 person

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